The Conference Series: DYNAMIC SUN

DYNAMIC SUN is a new conference series, which aims to provide a highly visible platform for the observers, theoreticians, numerical modelers and instrumentation experts in the field of solar physics and space science to discuss cutting edge scientific challenges and instrumentation. The concept of the Dynamic Sun series was initially proposed by Dr. Viktor Fedun (Sheffield University, UK) and Dr. A. K. Srivastava (IIT BHU, Varanasi, India), as well as other colleagues of the international solar physics community.

First Chapter: DYNAMIC SUN I in Varanasi, India

The first meeting of the Dynamic Sun conference series was organised by members of the Department of Physics, IIT BHU, Varanasi, India in close collaboration with the Plasma Dynamics Group (PDG) within Department of Automatic Control and Systems Engineering (ACSE) and School of Mathematics and Statistics (SoMaS), The University of Sheffeild on 22-26 February 2016.

The Dynamic Sun I conference supported and funded by national: Department of Science and Technology (DST), India; Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA); Physical Research Laboratory (PRL); Indian Institute of Technology (BHU) Varanasi (IIT (BHU)) and international: The European Space Agency (ESA), Asian Office of Aerospace Research and Development (AOARD), The University of Sheffield), UK organisations. More than 120 participants attended the conference.

Second Chapter: DYNAMIC SUN II in Siem Reap, Angkor Wat, Cambodia

The second Dynamic Sun conference was organised by Plasma Dynamics Group (PDG) within Department of Automatic Control and Systems Engineering (ACSE) and School of Mathematics and Statistics (SoMaS), The University of Sheffeild in collaboration with Solar Physics Group, Northumbria University, UK (SPG) and Department of Physics, IIT BHU, Varanasi, India on 12 - 16 February 2018.

The Dynamic Sun II conference supported and funded by national: Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport, Cambodia; The University of Sheffeild, UK; Northumbria University), UK and international: Asian Office of Aerospace Research and Development, (AOARD); The European Space Agency, (ESA), Variability of the Sun and Its Terrestrial Impact, (VarSITI) organisations. More than 100 participants attended the conference.

Uniqueness of DYNAMIC SUN

Dynamic Sun aims to focus on the 'scientific themes' (not topics or parallel big sessions) in Solar Physics on which the like-minded scientists, young researchers, and students will come on a single visible platform and discuss cutting edge science and instrumentation. Subsequent conference chapters will be held every 2 years. Another advantage is that 'selected theme' will be acting as a timely 'booster' for the ongoing activities in the solar physics community. The recent trends are either to organise the wide conferences with various parallel themes, or disjoint compact meetings with certain specific goals. However, the present series will focus on cutting edge themes, which will be decided by the Dynamic Sun Executive Committee (DSEC).
Credit: V. Gupta, T. Singh,
A.K. Srivastava, V. Fedun

Outcome of the First Conference, Varanasi, India, 2016

The conference got the front-line scientific contributions from distinguished and emerging researchers in the field of Solar Physics that revolve around the following themes:

  • Solar magnetism at diverse spatial scales;
  • Chromospheric and coronal heating problems;
  • Modern observations and modeling of MHD waves and aspects of refined seismology techniques;
  • Physics of chromsopheric/coronal jets at diverse spatio-temporal scales;
  • Space and ground-based instruments to reveal the magnetized solar atmosphere.

  • The main outcomes are as follows:

    Research Collaboration: This conference has shown an excellent potential to build new research links (and already built them!) between solar physics communities from India, Europe, USA, and Asia (e.g., China, Japan). Participants agreed that the meeting was a very good platform for the international solar physics community to discuss recent progress and future challenges in science and instrumentation. Dynamic Sun I helped to establish long-term relationships between diverse group of scientists and supported creation of financially sustainable bridges between research groups.

    Publications: The outcome of the conference published in the Advances in Space Research in the form of special issue: MHD Wave Phenomena in the Solar Interior and Atmosphere.

    Early-career researchers engagement: The research program of the Dynamic Sun I was novel opportunity for early-career researchers to discuss science and collaborate. Participants of the meeting took part in international exchange and gained an experience of working in a multi-national scientific environment.

    Instrumentation: Conference had an important session on instrumentation where path-breaking science using next generation instruments has been discussed, e.g., Aditya, NLST, Chinese Giant Telescope, ROSA, DKIST, Solar-C and IRIS.


    Outcome of the Second Conference, Siem Reap, Angkor Wat, Cambodia, 2018


    Dynamic Sun II meeting followed-up the success of DS I (Varanasi, India, 2016). DS II was very successful and gathered around 100 participants from 13 countries. In total more than 50 contributions were presented which covered the following scientific themes:

  • Magnetized solar photosphere: coupling with sub-layers, dynamical phenomena, and waves;
  • Chromospheric dynamics and heating processes;
  • MHD waves: observations and modelling in various magnetic structures and seismology;
  • Plasma flows on diverse spatio-temporal scales;
  • Instruments and their novel science aspects;
  • The Sun-driven magnetospheric dynamics.


  • The meeting started with an opening speech speech of H.E. Dr. Hang Chuon Naron, Minister of Education, Youth, and Sport of Cambodia.

    All speakers provided conference participants an extensive information on the current status of research related to the forthcoming new observational facilities i.e. European Solar Telescope, Sunrise III mission, The Solar Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (SUIT) on Board Aditya-L1 Mission and DKIST. Special attention was paid to the explanation how to prepare and submit Critical Science Plan to be involved in the DKIST observations. All sessions of the Dynamic Sun II meeting were well attended by all registered participants, researchers and PhDs. During poster session every presenter had sufficient time for the discussion.

    Between sessions, a public talk was provided by Dr Eamon Scullion (Northumbria University) titled, “Imagining the Sun” discussing the properties of the Sun and the nature of light to a cohort of 40 high school students. The students came from two local schools in the Siem Reap area.

    The scientific program of the meeting can be downloaded here.

    The abstract book of the meeting is available here.

    Participants were invited to publish results reported at the DS II conference in the Annales Geophysicae special issue Solar magnetism from interior to corona and beyond, 01.09.2018–01.03. 2019. Guest editors: V. Fedun, S. Shelyag, E. Scullion, A. K. Srivastava, G. Verth, and M. Temmer.

    Finally, the Scientific Organising Committee and Dynamic Sun Executive Committee (DSEC) agreed to organise the next Dynamic Sun III conference in Chile, during total solar eclipce, December 2020 .

    Dynamic Sun Executive Committee (DSEC)

    Dr. Iñigo Arregui (IAC, Spain)
    Dr. Dipankar Banerjee (IIA, Bangalore, India)
    Prof. Paul Cally (Monash University, Australia)
    Dr. Tom Van Doorsselaere (KU Leuven, Belgium)
    Dr. Viktor Fedun (Sheffield University, UK), Head
    Dr. David Jess (Queen's University, Belfast, UK)
    Viggo H. Hansteen (Institutt for teoretisk astrofysikk, University of Oslo, Norway)
    Prof. Bo Li (SU, China)
    Dr. Scott W McIntosh (HAO, NCAR, UCAR, USA)
    Dr. James McLaughlin (Northumbria University, UK)
    Prof. Leon Ofman (NASA-GSFC, USA)
    Dr. Sergiy Shelyag (Northumbria University, UK)
    Prof. Kazunari Shibata (Kyoto University, Japan)
    Prof. Sami K. Solanki (MPS, Germany)
    Dr. Abhi. K. Srivastava (IIT BHU, India), Deputy Head
    Dr. Robert Sych (ISTP, RAS, Russia)


    This DSEC is fixed for the first three episodes to secure Dynamic Sun for following years.


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